What are Terpenes?

CBD companies have used terpenes in their extracts since the industry launched in 2018. These organic compounds are found naturally in every plant in the world.

But while terpenes used to be a term used only by industry professionals, everyday CBD users are starting to become aware of these compounds. However, many people still don’t know exactly what terpenes are, don’t know where terpenes come from or why they matter.

This guide is based on research to help consumers understand more about these organic compounds, explain what terpenes are and how they are used in nu-x® products.

Where do Terpenes Come From?

Terpenes are naturally-occurring organic compounds often found in plants that have developed over millennia. They have particularly potent smells and tastes, and help plants ward off predators or attract pollinators. Because of their strong aromas, terpenes are compounds that make you experience sensations like smell and taste.

Types of Terpenes

Scientists have discovered more than 20,000 terpenes in nature so far. More than 100 of these are found naturally in a cannabis plant.

Some of the most common terpenes found plants include:

  • Myrcene
  • Limonene
  • Linalool
  • Humulene

Molecularly, terpenes are the building blocks of many compounds found in the human body. For example, some steroids are made up of terpenes, and Vitamin A is a terpenoid.

The name “terpene” comes from the word “turpentine.” That’s because turpentine is derived from tree sap, which is a common source of terpenes in non-CBD products.

Outside of the CBD industry, terpenes are used in making perfumes, food additives, pharmaceuticals, and pesticides.

How nu-x® Uses Terpenes

At nu-x®, we use the same process to extract terpenes from hemp that we use to extract CBD. Our process, called super-cooled ethanol extraction, involves blasting super-cooled ethanol over plant material to remove the terpenes from the plant matter. Then, we use a number of vaporization chambers to remove the ethanol and leave nothing but pure terpenes behind. This is a similar process to how some perfumers make fragrances.

Using this process allows us to keep the natural flavors of our hemp plants in our final products. We also don’t use any artificial flavorings or additives in any of our products. As a result, terpenes are the only flavoring that we use for our CBD extracts.

For example, we use limonene to give a powerful citrus flavor to our Lemon Cake vape pens. This gives our extracts a natural aroma and flavor that are unique to nu-x products.

Terpenes and CBD

CBD

  • Occurs naturally in hemp plants
  • Member of a family of compounds called cannabinoids
  • Main ingredient in most CBD extracts

Terpenes

  • Occurs natural in all plants
  • Flavor compounds – powerful smells or tastes
  • Terpenes are their own family of organic compounds
  • Used to make a variety of products outside of the CBD industry

How Terpenes Enhance CBD

Terpenes may enhance or change a CBD extract. If you’re curious about how terpenes can change an extract or the “entourage effect,” we encourage you to read this article “The "entourage effect": Terpenes coupled with cannabinoids for the treatment of mood disorders and anxiety disorders“ here https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31481004.

CBD Products with Terpenes

Once you understand what terpenes do, you’ll be able to identify which CBD products are the best for your specific needs. If you want to browse some of the terpenes available in our products, you can them out here.To learn more, shop CBD products here.