Full-Spectrum CBD distillate is when all of the cannabinoids found in a whole hemp plant are present in the distillate. A distillate is the first result of extraction from a hemp plant, and is usually from a plant with a large percentage of CBD when making CBD products. Other cannabinoids will be present in a distillate, however, including: CBG, CBC, CBN, and trace THC.Click a link below for a specific section about Full Spectrum CBD Distillate.
- How is the CBD extracted from the plant?
- How can Full Spectrum Distillate be used in CBD products?
- What types of CBD products typically use full spectrum distillate?
- What makes Full Spectrum Distillate different than Broad Spectrum Distillate and Isolate?
How is the CBD extracted from the plant?
There are three common ways to extract CBD from hemp plants in order to produce distillate:
1. Super-cooled ethanol extraction
Super-cooled ethanol extraction is where hemp plant material is placed in a chamber and blasted with extremely cold (approximately -40℉) ethanol. This blast of super-cold ethanol shocks the plant materials and causes the oils and chlorophyll matter to be pushed out into a slurry.
This slurry is then run through vaporization chambers where the ethanol is completely removed through evaporation, leaving a clean and high-yielding, unrefined, hemp plant extract. This hemp plant slurry consists of cannabinoid oils, resins, terpenes, and cannabinoids.
From there, the slurry gets further refined by being run through a short-path distillation process which leaves an amber/honey-colored hemp distillate ready for use. This process is used by nu-x®.
2. CO2 or Supercritical CO2 extraction
CO2 or Supercritical CO2 extraction is where highly pressurized carbon dioxide is released into a chamber filled with ground hemp plant materials. As the CO2 increases in pressure inside the chamber, it becomes supercritical, which is when it exhibits its liquefied state’s characteristics. This in turn pushes the plant’s cannabinoid oils, resins, unevaporated terpenes, and chlorophyll material out of the hemp plant and into a slurry.
This whole hemp plant slurry can later by refined by short path distillation to create a CBD distillate. The CO2 is then heated, which returns it to a gaseous state. This removes the CO2 from the hemp slurry. This process is used by nu-x®.
3. Butane extraction (BHO)
Butane hash oil (BHO) extraction is used for creating solid concentrates such as glass, snaps, shatter, crumble, etc. This method is highly volatile and involves pressing whole hemp material into a glass cylinder with a fine mesh held over a second glass chamber. Once packed, a butane torch is affixed to the opposite end of the mesh, and butane is fired into the cylinder. The plant material will release its cannabinoid oils, resins, and terpenes into the second glass chamber, resulting in a viscous distillate material.
How can Full Spectrum Distillate be used in CBD products?
Full spectrum CBD distillate will typically contain 65%-75% cannabidiol (CBD). Some manufacturers sell the distillate as-is, while other will re-introduce terpenes (the plant’s natural flavors). This is a very viscous substance that will crystalize and solidify the way that fat does once it cools and settles, so it must either be kept warm, or have some other substance introduced to keep it from crystalizing.
Video: Liquid CBD Concentrate made from CBD Full Spectrum Isolate
nu-x® takes distillate and blends it into a viable suspension fluid like MCT oil. Terpenes are also reintroduced as well as other types of flavoring. The nu-x® CBD disposable vape pen is made of only full-spectrum CBD distillate, terpenes, and MCT oil. NO artificial flavorings, dyes, or additives are in this nu-x® product.
What types of CBD products typically use full spectrum distillate?
Video: CBD Vape Pen First-Time User Actual Reactions
What makes Full Spectrum Distillate different than Broad Spectrum Distillate and Isolate?
Broad-Spectrum is similar to Full-Spectrum, only all the naturally occurring THC has been fully mitigated while still leaving the other cannabinoids (CBD, CBG, CBC, and CBN). An isolate is the second, more refined state after a distillate. In this form, CBD is isolated from the other compounds. Once extracted, it appears as a powder.
Isolates are the purest form of CBD concentrate and can be up to 99% pure. They may also be sold as-is, but they have a bitter taste, so it’s best for them to be added to foods and drinks that can mask the taste.